Res Publica Coin Gallery

Ancient coins in the collection of Jordan Montgomery, focused on the Roman Republic and related series. The attributions and information are all verified to the best of my ability but, if I have made a mistake, please leave a comment and I'll do my best to rectify it. For more information about the reference works listed, a bibliography is provided. Additionally, this site is made available purely for informational purposes and none of the coins are currently for sale.

Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is copyright Jordan Montgomery and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Home / Early Roman Coinage through the Second Punic War, circa 300 B.C.-206 B.C. /

Cr. 88b/7, Spearhead sextans, Sardinia, 212 or 208 B.C.

Cr088.7-1200.jpg Cr. 85/1a anonymous "H" series AR quinarius, later style, 212-196 B.C., Apulian mintThumbnailsCr. 89/1b Anonymous victoriatus, circa 208 B.C., Apulian mintCr. 85/1a anonymous "H" series AR quinarius, later style, 212-196 B.C., Apulian mintThumbnailsCr. 89/1b Anonymous victoriatus, circa 208 B.C., Apulian mintCr. 85/1a anonymous "H" series AR quinarius, later style, 212-196 B.C., Apulian mintThumbnailsCr. 89/1b Anonymous victoriatus, circa 208 B.C., Apulian mintCr. 85/1a anonymous "H" series AR quinarius, later style, 212-196 B.C., Apulian mintThumbnailsCr. 89/1b Anonymous victoriatus, circa 208 B.C., Apulian mintCr. 85/1a anonymous "H" series AR quinarius, later style, 212-196 B.C., Apulian mintThumbnailsCr. 89/1b Anonymous victoriatus, circa 208 B.C., Apulian mintCr. 85/1a anonymous "H" series AR quinarius, later style, 212-196 B.C., Apulian mintThumbnailsCr. 89/1b Anonymous victoriatus, circa 208 B.C., Apulian mint

Roman Republic Æ Sextans(7.45g, 19mm, 7h). Anonymous, Spearhead series, circa 212-207 B.C., Sardinian mint. Head of Mercury right; above, two pellets / Prow right; above, ROMA; before, spearhead; below, two pellets. Russo, Essays Hersh, 52(same reverse die), Cf. Crawford 88/7. Cf. McCabe "The Roman Struck Bronze Coinage of Apulia in the Second Punic War", INC Taormina 2015, for attribution to Sardinia.
Privately purchased from M. Ringsrud(MA-Shops Denarius), 1/11/2019

This type and the series it is from was only relatively recently identified as a separate series from the Apulian spearhead bronzes(Crawford 88) by Roberto Russo in his 1998 paper on unpublished bronzes in Essays Hersh. Russo actually identified 3 different spearhead bronze series which he called 88A(the Apulian series), 88B(this series) and 88C(a later, likely post Second Punic War series). Since then, Andrew McCabe has shown rather convincingly that this "88B" series is linked, along with the bulk of the spearhead quinarii, by style and flan manufacture to the Crawford 63-65 Sardinian Praetor issues with C, MA and AVR mintmarks of circa 211-209 B.C.. Since those series are securely dated to 211-209 B.C., this series should probably be placed either in 212 B.C. or 208 B.C.. McCabe actually suggests it is perhaps related to the Apulian series by way of a common commander who directed armies in both theaters and reused the spearhead symbol.

While the sextantes of the Sardinian Praetor issues are all very common, these related spearhead sextantes are extremely rare with less than ten examples known to me, and only two die pairs. While the related spearhead quinarii are themselves rare, they are considerably more common than the extremely rare Sardinian Praetor quinarii issues. The reasons for this imbalance are a mystery to me but perhaps point to changing coinage needs as the Second Punic War progressed.

References:
1. Roberto Russo, "Unpublished Roman Republican Bronze Coins," in Essays Hersh, pp. 142-3
2. Andrew McCabe “The Roman Bronze Coinage struck in Apulia and South East Italy in the Second Punic War,” in Proceedings XV International Numismatic Congress Taormina 2015. Paper available here and presentation(with lots of illustrations) here.
3. CNG e-auction 408 lot 379 description, which can be found in the CNG Archives here

0 comments

Add a comment